Sensory integration therapy helps children with sensory integration disorder by exposing them to sensory stimulation in a structured, repetitive way. This allows the brain to adapt and allow kids to process and react to sensations more efficiently.
The OT determines through a thorough evaluation if a child would benefit from SI therapy.
The OT gradually makes activities more challenging and complex. The idea is that through repetition, the child’s nervous system will respond in a more “organized” way to sensations and movement.
FINE MOTOR SKILLS
Fine motor skills are essential for performing everyday skills like self care tasks (buttoning and zipping clothes, cleaning teeth, using cutlery) and academic skills (pencil grasp, drawing, writing and coloring, cutting and pasting). Without the ability to complete these every day tasks, a child’s academic performance is compromised. They may also be unable to develop appropriate independence in life skills (such as getting dressed and feeding themselves).
Poor core stability, weak shoulder girdle muscles, weak hand muscles, and poor coordination skills can all impact on your child's ability to use the hand and finger muscles effectively.
Reflexes are a set of automatic movements that every human being is born with. From infancy, the reflexes are vitally important for proper development of the brain, nervous system, body and sensory systems. Some reflexes are meant to stay while others integrate at different points in development.
In order to integrate reflexes, movements that are based on reflex patterns and rhythmic movements that babies make naturally are practiced.