Speech Language Therapy
Speech therapy works on the articulators of speech so a child is able to communicate using sounds. Articulation helps a child produce challenging sounds and achieve age-appropriate speech.
Articulation is the process of physically producing a sound, syllable, or word. There are four different articulation errors that can be made when producing speech sounds: Substitutions, Omissions, Distortions and Additions. A speech sound error of the substitution type means that one sound is replaced by another sound.
Language therapy addresses children with delays or disorders in the following areas:
Listening Skills: understanding what is being said and following directions
Grammar Skills: ability to use grammatical markers to form complete sentences
Vocabulary Skills: knowledge of what things are called and ability to understand those words when spoken and to recall and say the word when needed
Question Skills: ability to answer and ask questions with a variety of structures
Social Pragmatic Skills: ability to use language to interact with others and follow social rules of conversation and play
Literacy/Book Skills: ability to read and write
Oral Motor/Feeding Therapy
Oral motor therapy works on the oral skills necessary for proper speech and feeding development. These skills include: awareness, strength, coordination, movement, and endurance of the lips, cheeks, tongue, and jaw.
Oral-motor exercises involve sensory stimulation to the lips, jaw, tongue, soft palate, larynx, and respiratory muscles which are intended to influence the physiology in order to improve it's function.